Syrian Rebels Deploy Advanced Anti-Aircraft Systems in Damascus – Red Lines News

In this video via Liwaa al-Islam (Brigade of Islam), the Islamist militia (affiliated with the centre-moderate Syrian Liberation Front) deploys an advanced self-propelled anti-aircraft system. It bears a striking resemblance to the control console on the Belorussian-Ukranian upgrade of the SA-8 (OSA-8), of which the Assad regime has (or had) 60 units. Notice the similarity of the control panel at ~1:15 of this video:

The T38 Stilet (Stiletto) is SP Short Range SAM system developed by the Belorussian company ‘Tetraedr’. The T-38 is a further evolution of the OSA-1T system, which itself was a upgrade of the Soviet era OSA (SA-8) system.”

Red Lines has found a video from December of Liwaa al-Islam capturing a complete SA-8 unit, celebrating, praying and shouting ‘Allahu Akbar’ HERE:
With engagement altitudes of  2–9 km (1.3-5.6 miles) / 50–5000 m (164-16,400 ft), this missile system poses a deadly threat to Assad’s aging, battle-damaged Air Force. Based on the dates the videos were published, the Damascus-based rebel group took around 6-7 months to ready this unit for use against the Assad regime’s aircraft.

Based in Eastern Ghouta, fighters for the Banner of Islam are facing a prolonged siege that one supporter describes to us as “very like Hell,” but they still find a way to upload their videos despite the “mangling” of all radio & wireless signals coming in. Recently the government has intensified Air Force and artillery strikes on these neighborhoods in a hysterical attempt to shake loose rebel brigades, who have endured several occupations and daily bombardments, but still hold ground in a handful of residential areas near the center of the capital, posing a constant threat to the operational core of the Assad regime.

This very operational core, the “Crisis Cell” in the Syrian Defense Ministry was struck by a rebel bomb last year killing the Defense Minister, his Deputy and wounding or killing a half-dozen other men behind Assad’s war on his own people. This attack was claimed by the Free Syrian Army, but Liwaa al-Islam supporters have also quietly taken credit for this operation that nearly brought an early end to the Assad regime.

With another planned nation-wide Assad-army offensive failing to make significant headway in Homs, Damascus or Aleppo, the regime will be dismayed by a brigade, which has shed the blood of elite Assad clan leader before, deploying advanced air-combat system in the capital. The regime is also watching important strongholds collapse, like Khan al-Assal, strategically key to the supplying of regime positions in Aleppo, even with the considerable help from Hezbollah and Iran. Bashar al-Assad’s forces seem to have squandered the momentum gained from taking al-Qusayr.

UPDATE March 2014: Liwaa al-Islam posted a promo video featuring the anti-aircraft system, HERE:

UPDATE: Liwaa al-Islam representatives sent us this message about the system they have deployed,
“anti-craft missiles: SA – 8 Gecko
this missile is known also as k 33 and in syria as ‘ossa’
technical description
diameter :21 cm
weight :130kg
military head weight :16 kg
speed :500 hundred meter by second or equal to 2*4 makh
atmost range:15 km
least range :1500m
atmost hight:5 km
least hight :25m
radar range 25 km
this system is known for its flexible movement and high maneuvering,
russian ossa system was gained and developed by liwaa al-islam in western ghotta and al-mujahedeen could operate and reform it after a year of patience grace and thanks to God
this video shows its gain: ”

Damascus blast ‘kills’ top Assad officials:

-Editor’s note: This post previously referred to Liwaa al-Islam as the “banner” of Islam. This has been corrected to “Brigade”.


Syrian Regime of Bashar al-Assad Using Chemical Weapons Against Syrian Cities

From La Monde… Chemical warfare in Syria

La Monde’s reporters experience chemical attacks by the Assad regime first-hand. The article details the apparently systematic use of chemical weapons in order to break the rebel lines in the capital Damascus. This is a cynical manipulation of President Obama’s “red line”. These are chemical weapons attacks that will be let off on a technicality.

    Searching for words to describe the incongruous sound, he said it was like ‘a Pepsi can that falls to the ground.’ No odor, no smoke, not even a whistle to indicate the release of a toxic gas. And then the symptoms appear. The men cough violently. Their eyes burn, their pupils shrink, their vision blurs. Soon they experience difficulty breathing, sometimes in the extreme; they begin to vomit or lose consciousness. The fighters worst affected need to be evacuated before they suffocate.

    Reporters from Le Monde witnessed this on several days in a row in this district, on the outskirts of Damascus, which the rebels entered in January. Since then, Jobar has become a key battleground for both the Free Syrian Army and the government. In two months spent reporting on the outskirts of the Syrian captial, we encountered similar cases across a much larger region. Their gravity, their increasing frequency and the tactic of using such arms shows that what is being released is not just tear gas, which is used on all fronts, but products of a different class that are far more toxic.

    In the tangled web of the Jobar front, where enemy lines are so close that the fighters exchange insults as often as they kill each other, gas attacks occurred on a regular basis in April. The gas was not diffused over a broad swath of territory but used occasionally in specific locations by government forces to attack the areas of toughest fighting with the encroaching opposition rebels. This sector is the place where Free Syrian Army groups have penetrated most deeply into Damascus. A merciless war is being waged here.

Is Jabhat al-Nusra Breaking Apart?


Aron Lund has a great analysis of a possible break within the organization of Jabhat al-Nusra (JAN) / Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS); this has huge implications for the future of Syria. Will ISIS face a Sunni awakening like in Iraq, or will they succeed in dominating the Syrian-led Jabhat al-Nusra? Many rank-and-file Nusra fighters are deeply wary of al-Joulani’s declaration/renewal of loyalty to al-Qaeda central, and have every reason to fear a takeover by al Baghdadi’s more violently sectarian faction (Islamic State of Iraq), but are also afraid of open conflict between al-Joulani and al-Baghdadi which will only help the Assad regime (perhaps conclusively).

Will the core of JAN take this opportunity to align themselves with the more mainstream Salafi/Jihadi groups like Ahrar al-Sham? Or does this mean the domination of the Syrian branch with the more established Iraqi wing of al-Qaeda? In the long-term, this may be to the advantage of the Syrian people, but in the shorter term, this will have a degrading effect on the current strategic situation vs. the Assad regime; already we have signs that JAN fighters are withdrawing from Aleppo, presumably to regroup against the dissension in their own ranks. As has been true throughout the revolution, the greatest aid to the Assad regime is the fragmentation and infighting among opposition groups. However, this displays a fundamental difference between the two sides: active debate and “pluralism” (of a sort) have defined the opposition, while the regime responds to any perceived danger of dissension among Alawites by committing acts of provocation and terror against Sunnis (as in Bayda, Banyas), and thereby driving Alawites back into the arms of the regime whether they like it or not.

Syrians love to express their historical “moderation” and openness, and one can see how this would clash with the extremist views of al-Qaeda in Iraq (Islamic State of Iraq). The timing, however, could be better for the opposition, as the regime gains ground in Homs and nearby in Qusayr.

Aron Lund asks, Is Jabhat al-Nusra Breaking Apart?

The background

If you follow Syria, you’re already familiar with the outlines of this, but here’s the very short version:

In a recorded voice statement released online on April 10, 2013, Jabhat al-Nosra’s leader Abu Mohammed al-Joulani confirmed that his group had been created with assistance from the Iraqi al-Qaida wing (called the Islamic State of Iraq, ISI). He also ”renewed” his pledge of allegiance to Ayman al-Zawahiri, the international al-Qaida leader, leaving little doubt that he had been a sworn al-Qaida member all along. At the same time, Abu Mohammed distanced himself from the suggestion that a total merger had been agreed between Jabhat al-Nosra and the ISI. This was in response to a statement put out on the previous day (April 9) by the ISI emir, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, who had said that both groups would now merge into something called the Islamic State in Iraq and al-Sham (let’s abbreviate it ISIS).

200px-Flag_of_Islamic_State_of_Iraq.svgIn sum, there was no dispute between the Syrian and Iraqi leaders about the fact that Jabhat al-Nosra is an al-Qaida faction ultimately loyal to Zawahiri, but they differed on whether it would be absorbed into a regional umbrella (ISIS) constructed from the Iraqi franchise (ISI) or retain its own separate identity within the international al-Qaida framework.

Syrian opposition groups reacted negatively, including the main Islamist formations, although most tempered their criticism by stressing the positive contributions of Jabhat al-Nosra to the uprising so far. For some responses to the Abu Mohammed and Abu Bakr statements by Islamist groups in Syria, see a previous post of mine on Syria Comment, and these translations on Hassan Hassan’s site.

Says Sands

After Abu Mohammed al-Joulani’s strange semi-rebuttal to Abu Bakr on April 10, both groups fell silent, and everybody seemed to be waiting for an explanation. None came. Now, suddenly, several media reports have been published, suggesting that the dispute hasn’t been resolved but is in fact growing worse. In some of these reports, purported Jabhat al-Nosra fighters even talk about the group splitting apart or losing members, although they differ on who is leaving and for what reason.

Phil Sands – who wrote this sadly beautiful last letter from Damascus a couple of months ago – offers one take on these events in The National.

He quotes a Jabhat al-Nosra member from Damascus as saying that ”everyone I know was surprised by the statement; it was more than we’d expected to hear”, meaning the pledge of allegiance to Zawahiri. The Jabhat al-Nosra member now worries that there will be clashes between Jabhat al-Nosra and the Western/Gulf backed factions grouped under the FSA label, after Jabhat al-Nosra came out of the closet as an official al-Qaida franchise.

The gist of Sands’s article is that locally recruited and/or pragmatic fighters are upset with Abu Mohammed al-Joulani’s pledge of allegiance to Zawahiri and al-Qaida, because it will make it harder for them to focus on fighting Assad. (They’re probably right about that.) There’s no claim of an open split in the group, yet, but it does indicate internal tension between locally-minded grassroots fighters and the globalist, Qaida-connected leadership…

More at Syria Comment…

The Destruction of Free Yabroud

The Destruction of Free Yabroud
reposted from


For almost a year now we have been hearing loud cries for a political solution in Syria. The goal, some would have you believe, is to end the conflict in a way that sheds the least amount of blood. It is really a simple premise, the Syrian people’s representatives will meet with the representatives of Assad’s government to come to an agreement that will end the loss of life in Syria and restore peace. While it sound’s great on paper I would like to demonstrate to you why a political solution will never truly materialize despite it’s good intentions. Yabroud, Damascus is a small town North East of Damascus’ city center. During the last two years of revolution Yabroud has remained a bastion of non-violent resistance against the regime. Rallying against the regime and eventually succeeding in freeing themselves from Assad’s militants without shedding blood. The following video will demonstrate how beautifully Yabroud’s people have come together in order to improve their town and their country.

Can you think of a solution any more peaceful than this? Peaceful demonstrations succeeded in ousting Assad from this town and the people followed up by cleaning up their streets, organizing their society, and letting all know that whether you are with the regime or against it, let’s respect one another. Yabroud remained peaceful, free, and flourishing for almost a year until the regime decided they wanted ‘their territory’ back. This is a video from Yabroud today as Assad’s military attacks the peaceful town in order to reclaim it.

Video of ‘carpet-bombing’ style attack on Yabroud, Duma, Damascus (cannot be embedded):


Now I ask you, do you believe a political solution is attainable with Assad?

Thanks Racanarchy blog

Evidence of Torture in Syria’s liberated Raqa

Evidence of Torture in Syria’s liberated Raqa

AFP, Beirut –

Documents and torture equipment found in Syrian security buildings in rebel-held Raqa show detainees were tortured when President Bashar al-Assad’s regime held sway over the city, Human Rights Watch said on Friday.

A team of researchers working for HRW toured Raqa in northern Syria in April, a month after the city fell into rebel hands, and found the incriminating evidence, the New York-based watchdog said in a statement.

“The documents, prison cells, interrogation rooms, and torture devices we saw in the government’s security facilities are consistent with the torture former detainees have described to us since the beginning of the uprising in Syria,” said HRW deputy Middle East director Nadim Houry.

Among the implements the watchdog said it found is a cross-shaped contraption known as “bsat al-reeh” (flying carpet), which “former detainees have said has been used to immobilize and severely stretch or bend limbs.”

Torturers used the device to “tie a detainee down to a flat board, sometimes in the shape of a cross, so that he is helpless to defend himself,” HRW said, citing former detainees.

“In some cases, former detainees said guards stretched or pulled their limbs or folded the board in half so that their face touched their legs, causing pain and further immobilizing them.”

HRW researcher Lama Fakih told AFP that although the watchdog has interviewed countless former detainees during the two-year conflict, “being inside the facility makes it so much more real.”